Short for Graphical Identification and Authentication dynamic-link library (DLL). The GINA is a replaceable DLL component that is loaded by the Winlogon executable. The GINA implements the authentication policy of the interactive logon model and is expected to perform all identification and authentication user interactions. [Source: MSDN Library]
- Geographic Information Systems (GIS)
Short for Geographic Information Systems, tools used to gather, transform, manipulate, analyze, and produce information related to the surface of the Earth. This data may exist as maps, 3D virtual models, tables, and/or lists. GISs can be as complex as whole systems that use dedicated databases and workstations hooked up to a network, or as […]
- geographic information science (GISci)
Short for geographic information science. The field of study involving GIS technology, with focus on sensing, cartography, surveying, spatial statistics, computer science and other related fields. Synonymous with GI Science.
Acronym for Gatekeeper Transaction Message Protocol. A proprietary Cisco protocol used for communication between the Cisco IOS Gatekeeper and external applications. The two types of GKTMP messages include: GKTMP RAS Messages: Used to exchange the contents RAS messages between the Cisco IOS Gatekeeper and the external application. Trigger Registration Messages: Used to by the external […]
Short for Geography Markup Language, an XML-based language for encoding geographic information in order to be stored and transported over the Internet. Developed by the OpenGIS Consortium, GML defines both the geometry and properties of objects that comprise geographic information. GML is a practical application for transferring cartographic information over the Web. Instead of transmitting […]
Short for giant magnetoresistive, a hard disk drive storage technology. The term is usually referred to in reference to GMR heads. GMR heads are not named “giant” because of their size. The technology is named for the giant magnetoresistive effect, first discovered by two European researchers — Peter Gruenberg and Albert Fert — in the […]