Short for Geography Markup Language, an XML-based language for encoding geographic information in order to be stored and transported over the Internet. Developed by the OpenGIS Consortium, GML defines both the geometry and properties of objects that comprise geographic information. GML is a practical application for transferring cartographic information over the Web. Instead of transmitting a GIF or JPG map, GML allows the data to be controlled on the browser end by the user who receives geometries and geographic features and customizes how the data is to be displayed. Geographic data in GML can be sent to any device with an XML interface.
Short for giant magnetoresistive, a hard disk drive storage technology. The term is usually referred to in reference to GMR heads. GMR heads are not named “giant” because of their size. The technology is named for the giant magnetoresistive effect, first discovered by two European researchers — Peter Gruenberg and Albert Fert — in the […]
Acronym for GNU Network Object Model Environment. (Pronounced guh-nome.) GNOME is part of the GNU project and part of the free software, or open source, movement. GNOME is a Windows-like desktop system that works on UNIX and UNIX-like systems and is not dependent on any one window manager. The current version runs on Linux, FreeBSD, […]
Self-referentially, short for GNU’s not UNIX, a UNIX-compatible software system developed by the Free Software Foundation (FSF). The philosophy behind GNU is to produce software that is non-proprietary. Anyone can download, modify and redistribute GNU software. The only restriction is that they cannot limit further redistribution. The GNU project was started in 1983 by Richard […]
Short for Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites GOES is a series of geosynchronous satellites, first launched in the 1970’s by the United States and other governing bodies. GOES satellites are used to monitor storm development, such as tornadoes, hail storms or hurricanes and track the storm’s movements.
In video terminology, when encoding in MPEG video GOP is the abbreviation for Group Of Pictures. In a motion sequence, GOPs are individual frames of pictures that are grouped together and played back so that the viewer registers the video’s spatial motion. The GOP allows editing and splicing of video material from different sources to […]