(Pronounced as separate letters or as eye-sa). Short for Industry Standard Architecture bus, the bus architecture used in the IBM PC/XT and PC/AT. The AT version of the bus is called the AT bus and became a de facto industry standard. Starting in the early 90s, ISA began to be replaced by the PCI local bus architecture. Most computers made today include both an AT bus for slower devices and a PCI bus for devices that need better bus performance.
In 1993, Intel and Microsoft introduced a new version of the ISA specification called Plug and Play ISA. Plug and Play ISA enables the operating system to configure expansion boards automatically so that users do not need to fiddle with DIP switches and jumpers.
Abbreviation of integrated services digital network, an international communications standard for sending voice, video, and data over digital telephone lines or normal telephone wires. ISDN supports data transfer rates of 64 Kbps (64,000 bits per second). There are two types of ISDN: Basic Rate Interface (BRI) — consists of two 64-Kbps B-channels and one D-channelfor […]
Short for the Internet Streaming Media Alliance, a non-profit organization that furthers the specification of interoperability standards for streaming rich media over IP networks. According to the ISMA Web site, by “defining an interoperable approach for creating, transporting and viewing streaming media, content creators, product developers and service providers will have easier access to the […]
(1) Short for International Organization for Standardization. Note that ISO is not an acronym; instead, the name derives from the greek word iso, which means equal. Founded in 1946, ISO is an international organization composed of national standards bodies from over 75 countries. For example, ANSI (American National Standards Institute) is a member of ISO. […]
- ISO Latin 1
Officially named ISO-8859-1, a standard character set developed by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). ISO Latin-1 is a superset of the ASCII character set and is very similar to the ANSI character set used in Windows, though the two are not identical. Both the HTTP and HTML protocols used on the World Wide Web […]
- ISO 9000
A family of standards approved by the International Standards Organization (ISO) that define a quality assurance program. Companies that conform to these standards can receive ISO 9000 certification. This doesn’t necessarily mean that the company’s products have a high quality; only that the company follows well-defined procedures for ensuring quality products. Increasingly, software buyers are […]