(1) Short for International Organization for Standardization. Note that ISO is not an acronym; instead, the name derives from the greek word iso, which means equal. Founded in 1946, ISO is an international organization composed of national standards bodies from over 75 countries. For example, ANSI (American National Standards Institute) is a member of ISO. ISO has defined a number of important computer standards, the most significant of which is perhaps OSI (Open Systems Interconnection), a standardized architecture for designing networks.
(2) See ISO image.
- ISO Latin 1
Officially named ISO-8859-1, a standard character set developed by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). ISO Latin-1 is a superset of the ASCII character set and is very similar to the ANSI character set used in Windows, though the two are not identical. Both the HTTP and HTML protocols used on the World Wide Web […]
- ISO 9000
A family of standards approved by the International Standards Organization (ISO) that define a quality assurance program. Companies that conform to these standards can receive ISO 9000 certification. This doesn’t necessarily mean that the company’s products have a high quality; only that the company follows well-defined procedures for ensuring quality products. Increasingly, software buyers are […]
- ISO Image
ISO image is a term commonly associated with CD and DVD burning. An ISO image (or .ISO file) is a computer file that is an exact copy of an existing file system. An ISO can contain the entire contents of a CD-ROM disc or CD medium. ISO files are typically created through a software application […]
Short for Independent Software Vendor, a company that produces software.
Short for International Standard Works Code, an internationally recognized reference number for the identification of musical works. The code that is applied to a musical work is permanent and stays with the work even when it is transferred across national borders. An ISWC begins with the letter “T”, followed by a nine-digit unique number (from […]