Short for unbundled network element, parts of a network that ILECs are required to offer to their customers on an unbundled basis. Important to CLEC telecommunications networking is the availability of UNEs (through a collocation arrangement). UNEs are defined by the Telecommunications Act of 1996 as any “facility or equipment used in the provision of a telecommunications service,” as well as “features, functions, and capabilities that are provided by means of such facility or equipment.” For CLECs the most important UNE available to them is the local loop, which connects the ILEC switches to the ILEC’s present customers. With the local loop, CLECs will be able to connect their switches with the ILEC’s switches, thus giving them access to ILEC customers.
Short for unbundled network elements-platform, the FCC ruling requiring ILECs to make their network facilities (i.e., UNEs) available to CLECs at rates determined by state public utility commissions. The general theory behind the UNE-P ruling is that it maintains fair competition among local carriers.
- User-to-Network Interface (UNI)
A term used in ATM and Frame Relay networks, UNI is the interface between the ATM end user and a private ATM switch. It also can represent the interface between a private ATM switch and the public carrier ATM network.
- UNIX Operating System
Pronounced yoo-niks, a popular multi-user, multitasking operating system developed at Bell Labs in the early 1970s. Created by just a handful of programmers, UNIX was designed to be a small, flexible system used exclusively by programmers. UNIX was one of the first operating systems to be written in a high-level programming language, namely C. This […]
Short for User Operation Prohibitions UOP is a selection on a DVD that has been flagged to prevent certain user actions. For example, a FBI Warning on a DVD cannot be skipped or or fast-forwared by the viewer as a direct result of a UOP.
Short for Unified Process, a a software development process for building object-oriented systems. The Unified Process primarily focuses on Object-Oriented design, using UML as a modeling language. UP combines commonly accepted best practices, such as an iterative lifecycle and risk-driven development, into a cohesive and well-documented description. [Adapted from Iterative Development and The Unified Process […]