Pronounced way. Short for the Web Accessibility Initiative, an initiative of the World Wide Web Consortium launched in 1997 to ensure that as the Internet grows in usage Web sites are designed to accommodate people with disabilities.
Web design can present barriers to people with disabilities, especially people with sensory or neurological disabilities. The WAI was implemented to ensure that Web site design addresses the needs of people with these disabilities. The following are examples of the accommodations that Web designers need to consider in order to be compliant with the WAI’s guidelines.
visual disabilities — people with visual disabilities can have trouble reading text and visual clues on a Web site. Blind users cannot rely on visual stimulation on a Web site.
hearing disabilities — people with hearing disabilities are at a disadvantage on Web sites that do not offer captions for audio or that rely on sounds to navigate the site.
physical disabilities — people with physical disabilities can have trouble navigating sites that do not offer keyboard or single-switch support for menu commands (i.e., sites that rely on navigation via mouse). People with physical disabilities can also be at a disadvantage in virtual reality, gesture recognition or haptic environments that rely on physical movement for interfacing.
neurological disabilities — people with neurological disabilities can be at a disadvantage on sites that are complex to understand, do not have a consistent navigation structure, have a complex presentation of language or have flashing/strobing images and designs.
The WAI has five levels of concern in Web design:
technology — ensuring that current and developing Web technologies support accessibility.
guidelines — developing guidelines for accessibility that web designers can follow.
tools — developing tools that can evaluate the level of accessibility of a site.
education — conducting education and outreach so that web designers and others will understand the need for continued and expanded accessibility. As the Web expands, the growth must address accessibility.
research and development — coordinating with researchers and developers to ensure that accessibility is built into the technology instead of developing accessibility once a technology has been implemented.
Short for Wide Area Information Server, and pronounced ways, a program for finding documents on the Internet. WAIS is rather primitive in its search capabilities.
Acronym for Web Application Meets Brick And Mortar. The acronym WAMBAM is used to describe the online endeavors of traditional brick-and-mortar stores.
Acronym for Windows/Apache/MySQL/PHP, Python, (and/or) PERL The acronym WAMP refers to a set of free (open source) applications, combined with Microsoft Windows, which are commonly used in Web server environments. The WAMP stack provides developers with the four key elements of a Web server: an operating system, database, Web server and Web scripting software. The […]
Short for wide-area network.
- WAN optimization
A phrase used to describe applications and products used to manage and accelerate the flow of data across a wide-area network (WAN). Some of the specific technologies used in WAN optimization include deduplication, data compression techniques, caching, VPN tunnelingand other technologies. An ideal WAN optimization solution will allow you to prioritize traffic, and guarantee a […]