(in some inflected languages) noting a case that has among its functions the indication of place from which or, as in Latin, place in which, manner, means, instrument, or agent.
the ablative case.
a word in that case, as Troiā in Latin Aenēas Troiā vēnit, “Aeneas came from Troy.”.
capable of or susceptible to ; tending to :
the ablative nose cone of a rocket.
Another method which is used for indicating the genitive and ablative relations is the termination il.
The Maya Chronicles Various
Third, the ablative form of a noun signifying a portion of the body.
Harper’s Young People, September 14, 1880 Various
As for the ablative absolute, its reconstruction and regeneration have been the inspiring principle of my studious manhood.
Average Jones Samuel Hopkins Adams
To-night I have a pressing engagement with the ablative Absolute.
Daddy Long-Legs Jean Webster
This he remembered had interrupted the silent rehearsal of the sentence with the ablative absolute in it.
Princeton Stories Jesse Lynch Williams
Living Latin had only the feel of the cases: the ablative and dative emotion.
Instigations Ezra Pound
The ablative is indicated by certain particles and prepositions.
The Works of Hubert Howe Bancroft, Volume 3 Hubert Howe Bancroft
Try to remember, Quinlan, what I told you about the use of the ablative absolute.
Short Sixes H. C. Bunner
But certain words stand in the ablative without a preposition; viz.
New Latin Grammar Charles E. Bennett
I don’t know more than one single word, and that is ‘ablative.’
Married August Strindberg
(in certain inflected languages such as Latin) denoting a case of nouns, pronouns, and adjectives indicating the agent in passive sentences or the instrument, manner, or place of the action described by the verb
the ablative case
a word or speech element in the ablative case
taking away or removing: ablative surgery
able to disintegrate or be worn away at a very high temperature: a thick layer of ablative material
mid-15c., from Middle French ablatif, from Latin (casus) ablativus “(case) of removal,” expressing direction from a place or time, coined by Julius Caesar from ablatus “taken away,” past participle of auferre “carrying away,” from ab- “away” (see ab-) + irregular verb ferre (past participle latum; see oblate) “to carry, to bear” (see infer).
- Ablative absolute
a construction not dependent upon any other part of the sentence, consisting of a noun and a participle, noun and adjective, or two nouns, in which both members are in the ablative case, as Latin viā factā, “the road having been made.”. Historical Examples As for the ablative absolute, its reconstruction and regeneration have been […]
See under (def 3). the removal, especially of organs, abnormal growths, or harmful substances, from the body by mechanical means, as by surgery. the reduction in volume of glacial ice, snow, or névé by the combined processes of melting, evaporation, and calving. Compare (def 3). Aerospace. erosion of the protective outer surface (ablator) of a […]
(in Indo-European languages) regular alternation in the internal phonological structure of a word element, especially alternation of a vowel, that is coordinated with a change in grammatical function or combination, as in English sing, sang, sung, song; apophony. Historical Examples The strong verbs form their preterite (originally the perfect) and past participle by means of […]
burning; on fire: They set the logs ablaze. gleaming with bright lights, bold colors, etc. excited; eager; zealous; ardent. very angry. Contemporary Examples There was a wide central passage, ablaze with light and lined with wooden racks and storage compartments. The Real Monuments Men: The Coronation Chamber of Hitler Robert Edsel February 5, 2014 The […]