(in some inflected languages) noting a case that has among its functions the indication of place from which or, as in Latin, place in which, manner, means, instrument, or agent.
the ablative case.
a word in that case, as Troiā in Latin Aenēas Troiā vēnit, “Aeneas came from Troy.”.
capable of or susceptible to ; tending to :
the ablative nose cone of a rocket.
Historical Examples

Another method which is used for indicating the genitive and ablative relations is the termination il.
The Maya Chronicles Various

Third, the ablative form of a noun signifying a portion of the body.
Harper’s Young People, September 14, 1880 Various

As for the ablative absolute, its reconstruction and regeneration have been the inspiring principle of my studious manhood.
Average Jones Samuel Hopkins Adams

To-night I have a pressing engagement with the ablative Absolute.
Daddy Long-Legs Jean Webster

This he remembered had interrupted the silent rehearsal of the sentence with the ablative absolute in it.
Princeton Stories Jesse Lynch Williams

Living Latin had only the feel of the cases: the ablative and dative emotion.
Instigations Ezra Pound

The ablative is indicated by certain particles and prepositions.
The Works of Hubert Howe Bancroft, Volume 3 Hubert Howe Bancroft

Try to remember, Quinlan, what I told you about the use of the ablative absolute.
Short Sixes H. C. Bunner

But certain words stand in the ablative without a preposition; viz.
New Latin Grammar Charles E. Bennett

I don’t know more than one single word, and that is ‘ablative.’
Married August Strindberg

(in certain inflected languages such as Latin) denoting a case of nouns, pronouns, and adjectives indicating the agent in passive sentences or the instrument, manner, or place of the action described by the verb

the ablative case
a word or speech element in the ablative case

taking away or removing: ablative surgery
able to disintegrate or be worn away at a very high temperature: a thick layer of ablative material

mid-15c., from Middle French ablatif, from Latin (casus) ablativus “(case) of removal,” expressing direction from a place or time, coined by Julius Caesar from ablatus “taken away,” past participle of auferre “carrying away,” from ab- “away” (see ab-) + irregular verb ferre (past participle latum; see oblate) “to carry, to bear” (see infer).


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