something improvised in speech, music, etc.:
Was that joke part of your speech or an ad lib?
at one’s pleasure; without restriction.
freely; as needed; without stint:
Water can be given to the patients ad lib.
to improvise all or part of (a speech, a piece of music, etc.):
to ad-lib one’s lines.
to act, speak, etc., without preparation:
Throughout the play he had to ad-lib constantly.
ad-lib remarks to hecklers.
Now Guttentag encourages us to forget about the script and ad lib the scene.
My All-Too-Brief Acting Career Howard Kurtz July 4, 2011
The general belief, in consequence, was that I had committed ‘nameless’ crimes in all directions, ad lib.
Studies in the Psychology of Sex, Volume 2 (of 6) Havelock Ellis
One day, however, De Beers astonished the Colonel by offering to manufacture shells, ad lib.
The Siege of Kimberley T. Phelan
“I needed a job awful bad,” I answered sullenly, knowing it sounded like an ad lib.
The Old Die Rich Horace Leonard Gold
It consisted of a monologue delivered by the poisonous young woman to the macaw, occasionally varied by ad lib.
The Book of Susan Lee Wilson Dodd
That doesn’t mean that every individual is a bit of both, or either, ad lib.
Fantasia of the Unconscious D. H. Lawrence
He sang the foregoing twice over and then added a chorus, plainly improvised, made up of “Di doos” and “Di dums” ad lib.
The Portygee Joseph Crosby Lincoln
verb -libs, -libbing, -libbed
to improvise and deliver without preparation (a speech, musical performance, etc)
adjective (ad lib when predicative)
without restraint; freely
(music) short for ad libitum
an improvised performance, often humorous
1811, shortened from Latin ad libitum “at one’s pleasure, as much as one likes” (c.1600), from libere “to please” (see libido). First recorded as one word 1919 (v.), 1925 (n.).
ad lib. abbr.
Latin ad libitum (freely, as desired)
: They danced ad lib until the conductor found his place again
: an ad-lib gag/ a quick ad-lib put-down
A passage or comment, etc, given spontaneously: He forgot his lines and did a stupid ad lib
To speak, play, dance, or otherwise perform a passage not in one’s prescribed plan, often with an original and spontaneous effect: The Senator ad lib-bed for ten minutes waiting for the President to show
[fr Latin ad libitum, ”as one wishes”]
Latin ad libitum (at pleasure, speak without notes or script-that is, an unscripted comment)
- Ad libitum
at one’s pleasure. Music. not obligatory or indispensable. Abbreviation: ad lib. Historical Examples Problematical judgements are those in which the affirmation or negation is accepted as merely possible (ad libitum). The Critique of Pure Reason Immanuel Kant I dwell in my sky-parlor and become Jupiter the while, ad libitum. The Dramatic Values in Plautus Wilton […]
- Ad litteram
to the letter; exactly.
- Ad litem
for the particular action or proceeding: a guardian ad litem. adjective (formerly, esp of a guardian) appointed for a lawsuit adjective for the purposes of a lawsuit or legal action only, esp. referring to a temporary guardian Examples Guardian ad litem is the term for a person appointed to protect the legal interests of someone […]
- Ad loc.
at or to the place. Historical Examples Lines 44-49 are said by Servius, ad loc., to be quoted from Gallus (‘de ipsius translati carminibus’). The Student’s Companion to Latin Authors George Middleton Even Bhr, ad loc., admits that the narrative is of later date, and has received a traditional colouring. The Expositor’s Bible: The First […]