Beijing



a city in and the capital of the People’s Republic of China, in the NE part, in central Hebei province: traditional capital of China.
People’s Republic of, a country in E Asia. 3,691,502 sq. mi. (9,560,990 sq. km).
Capital: Beijing.
Republic of. Also called Nationalist China. a republic consisting mainly of the island of Taiwan off the SE coast of mainland China: under Nationalist control since 1948 but claimed by the People’s Republic of China. 13,885 sq. mi. (35,960 sq. km).
Capital: Taipei.
Contemporary Examples

The U.S.-China Climate Deal Is Mostly Hot Air Tim Mak November 11, 2014
China’s Blood Ivory Bazaar Brendon Hong June 29, 2014
As U.S. Looks to China, Chinese Women Look West Katie Baker March 10, 2011
How to Hide a Famine with Ping-Pong Nicholas Griffin January 8, 2014
China Sided With Russia on Syria out of Defensiveness, Not Strength Melinda Liu February 7, 2012
Road Trippin’ in China Ben Crair February 23, 2010
Liu Xiaobo: Nobel Peace Prize Widens China Conflict Gordon G. Chang December 8, 2010
China’s Looming Debt Disaster Gordon G. Chang August 22, 2011
Is Hong Kong Tiananmen 2.0? Brendon Hong September 28, 2014

Historical Examples

Down and Out in the Magic Kingdom Cory Doctorow

noun
the capital of the People’s Republic of China, in the northeast in Beijing municipality (traditionally in Hebei province); the country’s second largest city: dates back to the 12th century bc; consists of two central walled cities, the Outer City (containing the commercial quarter) and the Inner City, which contains the Imperial City, within which is the Purple or Forbidden City; many universities. Pop: 10 849 000 (2005 est) Former English name Peking
noun
ceramic ware of a type originally from China
any porcelain or similar ware
cups, saucers, etc, collectively
(modifier) made of china: a china tea service
noun
(Brit & South African, informal) a friend or companion
noun
People’s Republic of China, Communist China, Red China, a republic in E Asia: the third largest and the most populous country in the world; the oldest continuing civilization (beginning over 2000 years bc); republic established in 1911 after the overthrow of the Manchu dynasty by Sun Yat-sen; People’s Republic formed in 1949; the 1980s and 1990s saw economic liberalization but a rejection of political reform; contains vast deserts, steppes, great mountain ranges (Himalayas, Kunlun, Tian Shan, and Nan Shan), a central rugged plateau, and intensively cultivated E plains. Language: Chinese in various dialects, the chief of which is Mandarin. Religion: nonreligious majority; Buddhist and Taoist minorities. Currency: yuan. Capital: Beijing. Pop: 1 349 586 000 (2013 est). Area: 9 560 990 sq km (3 691 502 sq miles)
Republic of China, Nationalist China, Taiwan, a republic (recognized as independent by only 24 nations) in E Asia occupying the island of Taiwan, 13 nearby islands, and 64 islands of the Penghu (Pescadores) group: established in 1949 by the Nationalist government of China under Chiang Kai-shek after its expulsion by the Communists from the mainland; its territory claimed by the People’s Republic of China since the political separation from the mainland; under US protection 1954–79; lost its seat at the UN to the People’s Republic of China in 1971; state of war with the People’s Republic of China formally ended in 1991, though tensions continue owing to the unresolved territorial claim. Language: Mandarin Chinese. Religion: nonreligious majority, Buddhist and Taoist minorities. Currency: New Taiwan dollar. Capital: Taipei. Pop: 22 610 000 (2003 est). Area: 35 981 sq km (13 892 sq miles) Former name Formosa
n.
n.
Beijing [(bay-jing)]

Note: In 1949, the Chinese communists declared Beijing the capital of the People’s Republic of China.

Note: The Forbidden City, within the inner or Tatar City, was the residence of the emperor of China.

Note: Site of Tiananmen Square, where communist leaders suppressed a democratic protest in June 1989.

Note: China is the most populous country in the world and the third largest, after Russia and Canada.

Note: The Boxer Rebellion of 1900 grew out of strong resentment of foreign influence in China.

Note: A revolution in 1911 overthrew the Qing dynasty, ending the two-thousand-year-old imperial system.

Note: Chiang Kai-shek, the leader of the Chinese Nationalists, established the government of Nationalist China in 1928 in Nanjing.

Note: The Second Sino-Japanese War, which lasted from 1937 to 1945 (merging with World War II in 1941), grew out of Japanese encroachments on Chinese land.

Note: The Chinese communists, with Mao Zedong as their leader, defeated Chiang’s Nationalists in 1949, proclaiming the People’s Republic of China. The Nationalists withdrew to the island of Taiwan.

Note: In 1950, Chinese forces joined the North Korean army in the Korean War.

Note: In 1958, Mao undertook the “Great Leap Forward” campaign, a crash program of industrialization, but none of its goals were reached, and the effort collapsed.

Note: In 1960, the ideological split between the Soviet Union and China widened, and the Soviets withdrew all aid.

Note: In the mid-1960s, Mao’s wife, acting on his behalf, and three colleagues, later known as the Gang of Four, advanced the goals of the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, aimed at eliminating old ideas and customs. Mobs attacked schools and cultural centers, brutally disrupting the entire nation. With the death of Mao in 1976 and the trial of the Gang of Four in 1980, the Cultural Revolution came to an end.

Note: In 1972, President Richard Nixon visited China, reopening relations between mainland China and the United States.

Note: In 1989, the government brutally suppressed pro-democracy demonstrations in Tiananmen Square.

Note: Although China remains officially communist, its government encourages capitalism in designated areas, especially in its southeastern provinces. China has experienced considerable economic development in recent decades. Relations with the United States remain tense, especially over Taiwan, but the United States supported China’s admission to the World Trade Organization (WTO).

The teeth (1940s+)
Money (1930s+ Jazz musicians)
A cup of tea (1960s+ Lunch counter)

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