Mathematics. a method of calculation, especially one of several highly systematic methods of treating problems by a special system of algebraic notations, as differential or integral calculus.
Pathology. a stone, or concretion, formed in the gallbladder, kidneys, or other parts of the body.
Also called tartar. Dentistry. a hard, yellowish to brownish-black deposit on teeth formed largely through the mineralization of dead bacteria in dental plaques by the calcium salts in salivary secretions and subgingival transudates.
calculation; estimation or computation:
the calculus of political appeal.
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noun (pl) -luses
a branch of mathematics, developed independently by Newton and Leibniz. Both differential calculus and integral calculus are concerned with the effect on a function of an infinitesimal change in the independent variable as it tends to zero
any mathematical system of calculation involving the use of symbols
(logic) an uninterpreted formal system Compare formal language (sense 2)
(pathol) (pl) -li (-ˌlaɪ). a stonelike concretion of minerals and salts found in ducts or hollow organs of the body
Plural calculi (kāl’kyə-lī’) or calculuses
Note: Most modern sciences use calculus.
the branch of mathematics dealing with the application of techniques similar to those of differential and integral calculus to discrete rather than continuous quantities.
calculus of communicating systems (CCS) A mathematical model (a formal language) for describing processes, mostly used in the study of parallelism. A CCS program, written in behaviour expressions syntax denotes a process behaviour. Programs can be compared using the notion of observational equivalence. [“A Calculus of Communicating Systems”, LNCS 92, Springer 1980]. [“Communication and Concurrency”, […]
hedonic calculus. (in utilitarianism) appraisal of possible alternative choices in terms of the amount of pleasure to be gained and pain to be avoided in each.
the branch of mathematics that deals with the problem of finding a curve or surface that maximizes or minimizes a given expression, usually with several restrictions placed on the desired curve. noun a branch of calculus concerned with maxima and minima of definite integrals calculus of variations Mathematical analysis of the maxima and minima of […]