# Calculus

Mathematics. a method of calculation, especially one of several highly systematic methods of treating problems by a special system of algebraic notations, as differential or integral calculus.

Pathology. a stone, or concretion, formed in the gallbladder, kidneys, or other parts of the body.

Also called tartar. Dentistry. a hard, yellowish to brownish-black deposit on teeth formed largely through the mineralization of dead bacteria in dental plaques by the calcium salts in salivary secretions and subgingival transudates.

calculation; estimation or computation:

the calculus of political appeal.

Contemporary *Examples*

Joseph McElroy’s ‘Cannonball’ Is the Meta Iraq War Novel Tom LeClair July 24, 2013

‘The Bachelor’ and ‘The Bachelorette’: Inside the Racial Discrimination Lawsuit Jennifer L. Pozner May 20, 2012

ISIS Risks Everything to Declare a Caliphate J.M. Berger June 28, 2014

A Turning Point in the War Tunku Varadarajan June 28, 2010

America Has an Unan**noun**ced ISIS Strategy, And It Involves Iran Jacob Siegel September 5, 2014

Historical *Examples*

The Reclaimers Margaret Hill McCarter

A Manual of the Operations of Surgery Joseph Bell

The Unsolved Riddle of Social Justice Stephen Leacock

The Book of Humorous Verse Various

Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 16, Slice 1 Various

**noun** (pl) -luses

a branch of mathematics, developed independently by Newton and Leibniz. Both differential calculus and integral calculus are concerned with the effect on a function of an infinitesimal change in the independent variable as it tends to zero

any mathematical system of calculation involving the use of symbols

(logic) an uninterpreted formal system Compare formal language (sense 2)

(pathol) (pl) -li (-ˌlaɪ). a stonelike concretion of minerals and salts found in ducts or hollow organs of the body

n.

calculus

(kāl’kyə-ləs)

Plural calculi (kāl’kyə-lī’) or calculuses

Note: Most modern sciences use calculus.

Tagged: c

Read Also:

- Calculus-of-finite-differences
the branch of mathematics dealing with the application of techniques similar to those of differential and integral calculus to discrete rather than continuous quantities.

- Calculus-of-communicating-systems
calculus of communicating systems (CCS) A mathematical model (a formal language) for describing processes, mostly used in the study of parallelism. A CCS program, written in behaviour expressions syntax denotes a process behaviour. Programs can be compared using the notion of observational equivalence. [“A Calculus of Communicating Systems”, LNCS 92, Springer 1980]. [“Communication and Concurrency”, […]

- Calculus-of-pleasure
hedonic calculus. (in utilitarianism) appraisal of possible alternative choices in terms of the amount of pleasure to be gained and pain to be avoided in each.

- Calculus-of-variations
the branch of mathematics that deals with the problem of finding a curve or surface that maximizes or minimizes a given expression, usually with several restrictions placed on the desired curve. noun a branch of calculus concerned with maxima and minima of definite integrals calculus of variations Mathematical analysis of the maxima and minima of […]