Cold



[kohld] /koʊld/

adjective, colder, coldest.
1.
having a relatively low temperature; having little or no warmth:
cold water; a cold day.
2.
feeling an uncomfortable lack of warmth; chilled:
The skaters were cold.
3.
having a temperature lower than the normal temperature of the human body:
cold hands.
4.
lacking in passion, emotion, enthusiasm, ardor, etc.; dispassionate:
cold reason.
5.
not affectionate, cordial, or friendly; unresponsive:
a cold reply; a cold reception.
6.
lacking sensual desire:
She remained cold to his advances.
7.
failing to excite feeling or interest:
the cold precision of his prose.
8.
unexcitable; imperturbable:
cold impassivity.
9.
depressing; dispiriting:
the cold atmosphere of a hospital waiting room.
10.
unconscious because of a severe blow, shock, etc.:
I knocked him cold with an uppercut.
11.
lacking the warmth of life; lifeless:
When the doctor arrived, the body was already cold.
12.
faint; weak:
The dogs lost the cold scent.
13.
(in games) distant from the object of search or the correct answer.
14.
Slang. (in sports and games) not scoring or winning; ineffective:
Cold shooting and poor rebounding were their undoing.
15.
Art.

16.
slow to absorb heat, as a soil containing a large amount of clay and hence retentive of moisture.
17.
Metalworking. noting or pertaining to any process involving plastic deformation of a metal at a temperature below that at which recrystallization can occur because of the strain:
cold working.
noun
18.
the relative absence of heat:
Everyone suffered from the intense cold.
19.
the sensation produced by loss of heat from the body, as by contact with anything having a lower temperature than that of the body:
He felt the cold of the steel door against his cheek.
20.
cold weather:
He can’t take the cold.
21.
Also called common cold. a respiratory disorder characterized by sneezing, sore throat, coughing, etc., caused by an allergic reaction or by a viral, bacterial, or mixed infection.
adverb
22.
with complete competence, thoroughness, or certainty; absolutely:
He learned his speech cold.
23.
without preparation or prior notice:
She had to play the lead role cold.
24.
in an abrupt, unceremonious manner:
He quit the job cold.
25.
Metalworking. at a temperature below that at which recrystallization can occur (sometimes used in combination):
to cold-hammer an iron bar; The wire was drawn cold.
Idioms
26.
catch / take cold, to get or suffer from a cold:
We all caught cold during that dreadful winter.
27.
go cold, Slang. (in sports and games) to become unproductive or ineffective; be unable to score.
28.
in cold blood. (def 20).
29.
in from the cold, out of a position or condition of exile, concealment, isolation, or alienation:
Since the new government promised amnesty, fugitive rebels are coming in from the cold.
30.
left out in the cold, neglected; ignored; forgotten:
After the baby came, the young husband felt left out in the cold.
Also, out in the cold.
31.
throw cold water on, to disparage; disapprove of; dampen the enthusiasm of:
They threw cold water on her hopes to take acting classes.
/kəʊld/
adjective
1.
having relatively little warmth; of a rather low temperature: cold weather, cold hands
2.
without sufficient or proper warmth: this meal is cold
3.
lacking in affection, enthusiasm, or warmth of feeling: a cold manner
4.
not affected by emotion; objective: cold logic
5.
dead
6.
sexually unresponsive or frigid
7.
lacking in freshness: a cold scent, cold news
8.
chilling to the spirit; depressing
9.
(of a colour) having violet, blue, or green predominating; giving no sensation of warmth
10.
(metallurgy) denoting or relating to a process in which work-hardening occurs as a result of the plastic deformation of a metal at too low a temperature for annealing to take place
11.
(of a process) not involving heat, in contrast with traditional methods: cold typesetting, cold technology
12.
(informal) (of a seeker) far from the object of a search
13.
denoting the contacting of potential customers, voters, etc, without previously approaching them in order to establish their interest: cold mailing
14.
cold comfort, little or no comfort
15.
cold steel, the use of bayonets, knives, etc, in combat
16.
from cold, without advance notice; without giving preparatory information
17.
in cold blood, showing no passion; deliberately; ruthlessly
18.
(informal) leave someone cold, to fail to excite someone: the performance left me cold
19.
(informal) throw cold water on, pour cold water on, to be unenthusiastic about or discourage
noun
20.
the absence of heat regarded as a positive force: the cold took away our breath
21.
the sensation caused by loss or lack of heat
22.
(informal) in the cold, out in the cold, neglected; ignored
23.
an acute viral infection of the upper respiratory passages characterized by discharge of watery mucus from the nose, sneezing, etc
24.
(slang) catch a cold, to make a loss; lose one’s investment
adverb
25.
(informal) without preparation: he played his part cold
26.
(informal, mainly US & Canadian) thoroughly; absolutely: she turned him down cold
adj.

Old English cald (Anglian), ceald (West Saxon) “cold, cool” (adj.), “coldness,” from Proto-Germanic *kaldaz (cf. Old Frisian and Old Saxon kald, Old High German and German kalt, Old Norse kaldr, Gothic kalds “cold”), possibly a past participle adjective of *kal-/*kol-, from PIE root *gel-/*gol- “cold” (cf. Latin gelare “to freeze,” gelu “frost,” glacies “ice”).

Meaning “not strong” (in reference to scent) is 1590s, from hunting. Cold front in weather is from 1921. Cold-call in the sales pitch sense first recorded 1972. Japanese has two words for “cold:” samui for coldness in the atmosphere or environment; tsumetai for things which are cold to touch, and also in the figurative sense, with reference to personalities, behaviors, etc.
n.

c.1300, “coldness,” from cold (adj.). Sense in common cold is 1530s, from symptoms resembling those of exposure to cold; cf. earlier senses “indisposition caused by exposure to cold” (early 14c.); “discomfort caused by cold” (c.1300).

cold (kōld)
n.
A viral infection characterized by inflammation of the mucous membranes lining the upper respiratory passages and usually accompanied by malaise, fever, chills, coughing, and sneezing. Also called coryza, acute rhinitis, common cold, coryza.

adjective

adverb

Related Terms

blow hot and cold, hot and cold

1. A sugared version of COLD-K.
2. Computer Output to Laser Disk – see Enterprise Report Management.
(2007-07-24)
1.
chronic obstructive lung disease
2.
computer output to laser disk

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  • Cold agglutinin

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  • Cold-blooded

    [kohld-bluhd-id] /ˈkoʊldˈblʌd ɪd/ adjective 1. designating or pertaining to animals, as fishes and reptiles, whose blood temperature ranges from the freezing point upward, in accordance with the temperature of the surrounding medium; poikilothermic. 2. without emotion or feeling; dispassionate; cruel: a cold-blooded murder. 3. sensitive to cold. adjective 1. having or showing a lack of […]

  • Cold-blooded animals

    Animals, such as reptiles, fishes, and amphibians, that cannot control their body temperature and therefore become sluggish in cold weather. (Compare warm-blooded animals.) Note: Cold-blooded animals are often seen sunning themselves to warm up.



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