Peloponnese



[pel-uh-puh-nee-suh s] /ˌpɛl ə pəˈni səs/

noun
1.
a peninsula forming the S part of Greece: seat of the early Mycenaean civilization and the powerful city-states of Argos, Sparta, etc. 8356 sq. mi. (21,640 sq. km).
/ˌpɛləpəˈniːs/
noun
1.
the Peloponnese, the S peninsula of Greece, joined to central Greece by the Isthmus of Corinth: chief cities in ancient times were Sparta and Corinth, now Patras. Pop: 503 300 (2001). Area: 21 439 sq km (8361 sq miles) Also known as Peloponnesus Medieval name Morea Modern Greek name Peloponnesos
n.

peninsula of southern Greece, late 15c., from Latin, from Greek Peloponnesos, second element apparently nesos “island” (see Chersonese); first element said to be named for Pelops, son of Tantalus, who killed him and served him to the gods as food (they later restored him to life). The proper name is probably from pellos “dark” + ops “face, eye.” But the association with the peninsula name likely is folk etymology. Related: Peloponnesian.

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  • Peloponnesian

    [pel-uh-puh-nee-suh s] /ˌpɛl ə pəˈni səs/ noun 1. a peninsula forming the S part of Greece: seat of the early Mycenaean civilization and the powerful city-states of Argos, Sparta, etc. 8356 sq. mi. (21,640 sq. km). /ˌpɛləpəˈniːʃən/ adjective 1. of or relating to the Peloponnese or its inhabitants n. peninsula of southern Greece, late 15c., […]

  • Peloponnesian-war

    noun 1. a war between Athens and Sparta, 431–404 b.c., that resulted in the transfer of hegemony in Greece from Athens to Sparta. noun 1. a war fought for supremacy in Greece from 431 to 404 bc, in which Athens and her allies were defeated by the league centred on Sparta Peloponnesian War [(pel-uh-puh-nee-zhuhn, pel-uh-puh-nee-shuhn)] […]



  • Peloponnesus

    [pel-uh-puh-nee-suh s] /ˌpɛl ə pəˈni səs/ noun 1. a peninsula forming the S part of Greece: seat of the early Mycenaean civilization and the powerful city-states of Argos, Sparta, etc. 8356 sq. mi. (21,640 sq. km). n. peninsula of southern Greece, late 15c., from Latin, from Greek Peloponnesos, second element apparently nesos “island” (see Chersonese); […]

  • Pelops

    [pee-lops, pel-ops] /ˈpi lɒps, ˈpɛl ɒps/ noun 1. Classical Mythology. a son of Tantalus and Dione, slaughtered by his father and served to the Olympians as food; Hermes restored him to life and he later ruled over southern Greece, which was called Peloponnesus after him. /ˈpiːlɒps/ noun 1. (Greek myth) the son of Tantalus, who […]



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