Plump



[pluhmp] /plʌmp/

adjective, plumper, plumpest.
1.
well filled out or rounded in form; somewhat fleshy or fat.
verb (used without object)
2.
to become plump (often followed by up or out).
verb (used with object)
3.
to make plump (often followed by up or out):
to plump up the sofa pillows.
[pluhmp] /plʌmp/
verb (used without object)
1.
to drop or fall heavily or suddenly; come down abruptly or with direct impact.
2.
Chiefly British. to vote exclusively for one candidate in an election, instead of distributing or splitting one’s votes among a number.
verb (used with object)
3.
to drop or throw heavily or suddenly (often followed by down):
He plumped himself down and fell asleep.
4.
to utter or say bluntly (often followed by out):
She plumps out the truth at the oddest times.
5.
to praise or extol:
road signs plumping the delights of a new candy bar.
noun
6.
a heavy or sudden fall.
7.
the sound resulting from such a fall.
adverb
8.
with a heavy or sudden fall or drop.
9.
directly or bluntly, as in speaking.
10.
in a vertical direction; straight down.
11.
with sudden encounter.
12.
with direct impact.
adjective
13.
direct; downright; blunt.
Verb phrases
14.
plump for, to support enthusiastically; be wholeheartedly in favor of:
to plump for a team.
[pluhmp] /plʌmp/
noun, Chiefly British Dialect.
1.
a group or cluster.
2.
a flock:
a plump of ducks.
/plʌmp/
adjective
1.
well filled out or rounded; fleshy or chubby: a plump turkey
2.
bulging, as with contents; full: a plump wallet
3.
(of amounts of money) generous; ample: a plump cheque
verb
4.
often foll by up or out. to make or become plump: to plump up a pillow
/plʌmp/
verb
1.
often foll by down, into, etc. to drop or fall suddenly and heavily: to plump down on the sofa
2.
(intransitive) foll by for. to give support (to) or make a choice (of) one out of a group or number
noun
3.
a heavy abrupt fall or the sound of this
adverb
4.
suddenly or heavily: he ran plump into the old lady
5.
straight down; directly: the helicopter landed plump in the middle of the field
adjective, adverb
6.
in a blunt, direct, or decisive manner
/plʌmp/
noun
1.
(archaic or dialect) a group of people, animals, or things; troop; cluster
adj.

late 15c., “blunt, dull” (in manners), from Dutch plomp “blunt, thick, massive, stumpy,” probably related to plompen “fall or drop heavily” (see plump (v.)). Meaning “fleshy, of rounded form” is from 1540s in English. Danish and Swedish plump “rude, coarse, clumsy” are from the Low German word and represent a different sense development.
v.

c.1300, “to fall or strike with a full impact,” common Low German word, from or related to Middle Dutch and Dutch plompen, East Frisian plumpen, Middle Low German plumpen, probably more or less imitative of something hard striking something soft. Hence plump (n.) “a firm blow,” in pugilism usually one to the stomach.

To plump; to strike, or shoot. I’ll give you a plump in the bread basket, or the victualling office; I’ll give you a blow in the stomach. [“Dictionary of Buckish Slang, University Wit and Pickpocket Eloquence,” London, 1811]

Or, even if any of them should suspect me, I know how to bring myself off. It is but pretending to be affronted, stripping directly, challenging him to fight, and before he can be on his guard, hitting him a plump in the bread-basket, that shall make him throw up his accounts; and I’ll engage he will have but very little stomach to accuse me after. [“The Reverie: or A Flight to the Paradise of Fools,” London, 1763]

“to become plump,” 1530s, from plump (adj.). Meaning “to plump (something) up, to cause to swell” is from 1530s. Related: Plumped; plumping.

adverb

Precisely; exactly; squarely; smack

[1734+; fr plumb]

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