[rey-zing] /ˈreɪ zɪŋ/
a rule of transformational grammar that shifts the subject or object of an embedded clause into the subject or object position of the main clause, as in the derivation of The suspect appears to be innocent from It appears that the suspect is innocent.
verb (used with object), raised, raising.
to move to a higher position; lift up; elevate:
to raise one’s hand; sleepy birds raising their heads and looking about.
to set upright:
When the projection screen toppled, he quickly raised it again.
to cause to rise or stand up; rouse:
The sound of the bugle raised him from his bed.
to build; erect:
to raise a monument.
to set up the framework of:
to raise a house.
to set in motion; activate:
to raise a storm of protest.
to grow or breed, care for, or promote the growth of:
to raise corn; to raise prizewinning terriers.
to serve in the capacity of parent to; rear:
to raise children.
to give rise to; bring up or about:
His comments raised a ripple of applause.
to put forward; present for public consideration:
He raised the issue of his opponent’s eligibility.
Law. to make (an issue at law).
to restore to life:
to raise the dead.
to stir up:
to raise a rebellion with stirring speeches.
to give vigor to; animate:
The news raised his spirits.
to advance in rank or position:
to raise someone to the peerage.
to assemble or collect:
to raise an army; to raise money for a charity.
to increase the height or vertical measurement of:
The blocks raise the table three inches.
to increase in degree, intensity, pitch, or force:
to raise the volume of a radio.
to utter (a cry, shout, etc.) in a loud voice.
to cause (the voice) to be heard:
to raise one’s voice in opposition.
to cause (dough or bread) to rise by expansion and become light, as by the use of yeast.
to increase in amount:
to raise rents; to raise salaries.
to increase (the value or price) of a commodity, stock, bond, etc.
Bridge. to increase (the bid for a contract) by repeating one’s partner’s bid at a higher level.
Phonetics. to alter the articulation of (a vowel) by bringing the tongue closer to the palate:
The vowel in “pen” is raised to (i) in some dialects.
to increase the amount specified in (a check, money order, or the like) by fraudulent alteration.
Military. to end (a siege) by withdrawing the besieging forces or by compelling the besieging forces to withdraw.
to establish communication with by radio:
The radioman was able to raise shore headquarters after three tries.
Mining. to excavate (an opening) upward from a level below.
verb (used without object), raised, raising.
to be able to be lifted or pulled up:
The window raises easily.
(in cards, poker, etc.) to increase a previous bet or bid:
My cards weren’t good enough to let me raise.
an increase in amount, as of wages:
a raise in pay.
the amount of such an increase:
His raise was five dollars.
a raising, lifting, etc.:
a raise in spirits.
a raised or ascending place; rise.
Mining. a shaft excavated upward from below.
Compare 1 .
raise Cain. 1 (def 3).
(transformational grammar) a rule that moves a constituent from an embedded clause into the main clause See also subject-raising, negative-raising
verb (mainly transitive)
to move, cause to move, or elevate to a higher position or level; lift
to set or place in an upright position
to construct, build, or erect: to raise a barn
to increase in amount, size, value, etc: to raise prices
to increase in degree, strength, intensity, etc: to raise one’s voice
to advance in rank or status; promote
to arouse or awaken from or as if from sleep or death
to stir up or incite; activate: to raise a mutiny
raise Cain, raise the devil, raise hell, raise the roof
to give rise to; cause or provoke: to raise a smile
to put forward for consideration: to raise a question
to cause to assemble or gather together; collect: to raise an army
to grow or cause to grow: to raise a crop
to bring up; rear: to raise a family
to cause to be heard or known; utter or express: to raise a shout, to raise a protest
to bring to an end; remove: to raise a siege, raise a ban
to cause (dough, bread, etc) to rise, as by the addition of yeast
(poker) to bet more than (the previous player)
(bridge) to bid (one’s partner’s suit) at a higher level
(nautical) to cause (something) to seem to rise above the horizon by approaching: we raised land after 20 days
to establish radio communications with: we managed to raise Moscow last night
to obtain (money, funds, capital, etc)
to bring (a surface, a design, etc) into relief; cause to project
to cause (a blister, welt, etc) to form on the skin to expel (phlegm) by coughing
(phonetics) to modify the articulation of (a vowel) by bringing the tongue closer to the roof of the mouth
(maths) to multiply (a number) by itself a specified number of times: 8 is 2 raised to the power 3
(mainly US & Canadian) to increase the amount payable on (a cheque, money order, etc) fraudulently
(curling) to push (a stone) towards the tee with another stone
raise an eyebrow
raise one’s glass to, to drink the health of; drink a toast to
(old-fashioned) raise one’s hat, to take one’s hat briefly off one’s head as a greeting or mark of respect
the act or an instance of raising
(mainly US & Canadian) an increase, esp in salary, wages, etc; rise
mid-14c., “an act of elevating,” verbal noun from raise (v.). Specifically in American English, “the erecting of a building,” by 1650s.
RAISING. In New England and the Northern States, the operation or work of setting up the frame of a building. [Webster, 1830]
c.1200, “cause a rising of; lift upright, set upright; build, construct,” from a Scandinavian source, e.g. Old Norse reisa “to raise,” from Proto-Germanic *raizjan (cf. Gothic ur-raisjan, Old English ræran “to rear;” see rear (v.)), causative of root *ris- “to rise” (see rise (v.)). At first sharing many senses with native rear (v.).
Meaning “make higher” is from c.1300 in the physical sense, as is that of “restore to life.” Of the voice, from late 14c. Meaning “increase the amount of” is from c.1500; from 1530s of prices, etc. Meaning “to bring up” (a question, etc.) is from 1640s. Card-playing sense is from 1821. Meaning “promote the growth of” (plants, etc.) is from 1660s; sense of “foster, rear, bring up” (of children) is from 1744. Meaning “to elevate” (the consciousness) is from 1970. Related: Raised; raising.
Pickering (1816) has a long passage on the use of raise and grow in reference to crops. He writes that in the U.S. raise is used of persons, in the sense “brought up,” but it is “never thus used in the Northern States. Bartlett  adds that it “is applied in the Southern States to the breeding of negroes. It is sometimes heard at the North among the illiterate; as ‘I was raised in Connecticut,’ meaning brought up there.”
“act of raising or lifting,” 1530s, from raise (v.). Meaning “an increase in amount or value” is from 1728. Meaning “increase in salary or wages” is from 1898, chiefly American English (British preferring rise). Earliest attested use (c.1500) is in obsolete sense of “a levy.”
To leave; cut out, split (1990s+ Black)
[rey-zin] /ˈreɪ zɪn/ noun 1. a grape of any of various sweet varieties dried in the sun or by artificial means, often used in cookery. 2. dark purplish blue. /ˈreɪzən/ noun 1. a dried grape n. “dried sweet grape,” c.1300, from Anglo-French raycin (late 13c.), Old French raisin “grape; raisin,” from Vulgar Latin *racimus, alteration […]
noun 1. (def 1).
- Raisin ranch
noun phrase A retirement community • Referring to wrinkles: raisin ranches all over Florida
1. a river in SE Michigan, flowing E to Lake Erie: 1813 battle site. 115 miles (185 km) long.