to renounce or relinquish a throne, right, power, claim, responsibility, or the like, especially in a formal manner:
The aging founder of the firm decided to abdicate.
to give up or renounce (authority, duties, an office, etc.), especially in a voluntary, public, or formal manner:
King Edward VIII of England abdicated the throne in 1936.
to renounce (a throne, power, responsibility, rights, etc), esp formally

1540s, “to disown, disinherit (children),” from Latin abdicatus, past participle of abdicare “to disown, disavow, reject” (specifically abdicare magistratu “renounce office”), from ab- “away” (see ab-) + dicare “proclaim,” from stem of dicere “to speak, to say” (see diction). Meaning “divest oneself of office” first recorded 1610s. Related: Abdicated; abdicating.

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