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a common form of arteriosclerosis in which fatty substances form a deposit of plaque on the inner lining of arterial walls.
Contemporary Examples

“At the age of 50 almost everybody has atherosclerosis,” Rogers said.
The Fight Over Jackson’s Health Diane Dimond October 11, 2011

The drug halts the development of atherosclerosis, a word referring to the hardening of the arteries.
Scientists at Johns Hopkins Come Closer to Eliminating Heart Disease Dale Eisinger April 24, 2014

noun (pl) -ses (-siːz)
a degenerative disease of the arteries characterized by patchy thickening of the inner lining of the arterial walls, caused by deposits of fatty material; a form of arteriosclerosis See atheroma

1908, from atherosklerose, coined in German 1904; see atheroma + sclerosis.

atherosclerosis ath·er·o·scle·ro·sis (āth’ə-rō-sklə-rō’sĭs)
A form of arteriosclerosis characterized by the deposition of atheromatous plaques containing cholesterol and lipids on the innermost layer of the walls of large and medium-sized arteries.
ath’er·o·scle·rot’ic (-rŏt’ĭk) adj.

A form of arteriosclerosis characterized by the deposition of plaques containing cholesterol and lipids on the innermost layer of the walls of large- and medium-sized arteries. Individuals with atherosclerosis have a higher risk of coronary artery disease and stroke. Smoking, high blood pressure, diabetes mellitus, and elevated levels of fat in the blood contribute to the development of atherosclerosis.
atherosclerosis [(ath-uh-roh-skluh-roh-sis)]

A form of arteriosclerosis in which the arteries become clogged by the buildup of fatty substances, which eventually reduces the flow of blood to the tissues. These fatty substances, called plaque, are made up largely of cholesterol. (Compare arteriosclerosis; see circulatory system.)


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