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(of a church) having its own head or chief bishop, though in communion with other Orthodox churches.
(of a bishop) subordinate to no superior authority; self-governing.
Historical Examples

The Church of Cyprus has been autocephalous since at any rate the oecumenical synod of Ephesus in 431.
Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 8, Slice 9 Various

The Cretan Church is not, strictly speaking, autocephalous, being dependent on the patriarchate of Constantinople.
Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 7, Slice 6 Various

(of an Eastern Christian Church) governed by its own national synods and appointing its own patriarchs or prelates
(of a bishop) independent of any higher governing body


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