an 18th-century stringed instrument with six bowed strings and several additional strings that vibrate sympathetically.
Historical Examples

Haydn’s magnificent patron and master played the baryton, and it was one of his duties to write pieces for it.
Haydn John F. Runciman

An amusing story is told of Kraft, the Eisenstadt ‘cellist, at this time, who occasionally played the second baryton.
Haydn J. Cuthbert Hadden

Kraft presented the prince with a composition into which he had introduced a solo for himself as second baryton.
Haydn J. Cuthbert Hadden

a bass viol with sympathetic strings as well as its six main strings

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