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nightmare or demon that causes nightmares, c.1600, from Greek Ephialtes, name of a demon supposed to cause nightmares; the ancient explanation is that it was from ephallesthai “to leap upon,” but OED finds “considerable” phonological difficulties with this.


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    [ef-od, ee-fod] /ˈɛf ɒd, ˈi fɒd/ noun, Judaism. 1. a richly embroidered, apronlike vestment having two shoulder straps and ornamental attachments for securing the breastplate, worn with a waistband by the high priest. Ex. 28:6, 7, 25–28. /ˈiːfɒd/ noun 1. (Old Testament) an embroidered vestment believed to resemble an apron with shoulder straps, worn by […]

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