CA 19-9: A tumor marker initially found in colorectal cancer patients, but subsequently also identified in patients with pancreatic, stomach, and bile duct cancer. In those who have pancreatic cancer, higher levels of CA 19-9 tend to be associated with more advanced disease. Noncancerous conditions that may elevate CA 19-9 levels include gallstones, pancreatitis, cirrhosis of the liver, and cholecystitis.
- Cabbage Soup Diet
Cabbage Soup Diet: The Cabbage Soup Diet is a weight loss program designed to be used for seven days with the goal of a rapid weight loss of up to ten pounds in a week. The Cabbage Soup Diet allows unlimited consumption of water and cabbage soup, while on each of the seven days, certain […]
CABG: Coronary artery bypass graft; and Coronary artery bypass grafting.
Cachectic: Having cachexia, physical wasting with loss of weight and muscle mass due to disease. Patients with advanced cancer, AIDS, severe heart failure and some other major chronic progressive diseases may appear cachectic.
Cachexia: General physical wasting with loss of weight and muscle mass due to a disease. Also known as marasmus.
CADASIL: Cerebral Autosomal Dominant Arteriopathy with Subcortical Infarcts and Leukoencephalopathy. An inherited form of vascular dementia that strikes relatively young adults of both sexes and is characterized by multiple strokes, dementia, migraine-like headaches, and psychiatric disturbances. CADASIL is due to mutation of a gene called NOTCH3 located on chromosome 19. Also called hereditary multi-infarct dementia.