Chamber, posterior: The space in the eye behind the iris and in front of the lens. The iris is the colored ring of tissue that regulates the amount of light entering the eye by adjusting the size of the pupil. The lens is the transparent biconvex body in the eye that refracts light. (By “biconvex” is meant that it is convex, that it protrudes, on both sides.)
The posterior chamber is filled with a watery fluid known as the aqueous humor, or aqueous. Produced by a structure alongside the lens called the ciliary body, the aqueous passes into the posterior chamber and then flows forward through the pupil into the anterior chamber of the eye.
Chamomile: An herb often used in the form of a tea as a sedative. Allergic reactions to chamomile can occur, particularly in persons allergic to ragweed. Reported reactions include abdominal cramps, tongue thickness, tightness in the throat, swelling of the lips, throat and eyes, itching all over the body, hives, and blockage of the breathing […]
CHAMPUS: Civilian Health and Medical Program of the Uniformed Services. CHAMPUS is a US federally funded health program that provides beneficiaries with medical care, supplemental to that available in US military and Public Health Service facilities. All CHAMPUS beneficiaries switch to using Medicare at age 65. CHAMPUS is like Medicare in that the government contracts […]
Chancre: The classic painless ulcer of syphilis. The chancre forms in the first (primary) stage of syphilis. It is highly contagious and can last 1-5 weeks. The disease can be transmitted from contact with the ulcer, which is teeming with spirochetes. If the ulcer is outside of the vagina or on the scrotum of the […]
Chancroid: A sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by the bacterium Haemophilus ducreyi. Periodic outbreaks of chancroid have occurred in the US, usually in minority populations in the inner cities. This disease is common in sub-Saharan Africa among men who have frequent contact with prostitutes. The infection begins with the appearance of painful open sores on […]
- Chandipura virus
Chandipura virus: A virus that causes fever, symptoms similar to those of flu, and acute encephalitis (inflammation of the brain). Chandipura virus was first isolated in 1965 in a village in Maharashtra State, India. Since then, the virus has been reported in adjoining states in central India. The likely vector (carrier) of the virus is […]