Syndrome, atypical measles (AMS)
An altered expression of measles, AMS begins suddenly with high fever, headache, cough, and abdominal pain. The rash may appear 1 to 2 days later, often beginning on the limbs. Swelling (edema) of the hands and feet may occur. Pneumonia is common and may persist for 3 months or more.
AMS occurs in persons who were incompletely immunized against measle. This may happen if a person were given the old killed-virus measles vaccine (which does not provide complete immunity and is no longer available); or the person were given attenuated (weakened) live measles vaccine that was, by accident, inactivated during improper storage. Immunization with inactivated measles virus does not prevent measles virus infection. It can, however, sensitize a person so that the expression of the disease is altered, resulting in AMS.
Being atypical, AMS can be confused with other entities including Rocky Mountain spotted fever, meningococcal infection, various types of pneumonia, appendicitis, juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, etc.
- Syndrome, autoimmune polyglandular (APS)
replacing the various hormones that are in short supply, giving insulin for the diabetes, treating the yeast infections, etc. However, there is no known cure yet for APS. The prognosis (outlook) depends on whether the critical hormone deficiencies are remedied and especially whether the infections can be successfully controlled. APS goes by a confusing array […]
- Syndrome, Barlow
Barlow syndrome is mitral valve prolapse (also known as “click murmur syndrome”), the most common heart valve abnormality, affecting 5%-10% of the world population. Most patients have no symptoms and require no treatment. However, the condition can be associated with fatigue and/or palpitations. The mitral valve prolapse can often be detected by a doctor during […]
- Syndrome, battered child
an infant’s inconsolable crying, feeding difficulties, a toddler’s failed toilet training, and exaggerated parental perceptions of acts of “disobedience” by the child. Children can be neglected and abused by parents, other caregivers, or society. Child abuse should be reported, investigated and evaluated. The treatment and prevention of child abuse include a support group structure coupled […]
- Syndrome, Bernard
A complex of abnormal findings, namely sinking in of one eyeball, ipsilateral ptosis (drooping of the upper eyelid on the same side) and miosis (constriction of the pupil of that eye) together with anhidrosis (lack of sweating) and flushing of the affected side of the face. Due to paralysis of certain nerves (specifically, the cervical […]
- Syndrome, Bernard-Soulier
Jean Bernard (1907-) and Jean-Pierre Soulier (1915-). (Because the disease is named not for one man whose name was Bernard Soulier but for these two men, there should be a hyphen in the Bernard-Soulier syndrome).