(1) Short for channel access method, a protocol for how data is transmitted in the bottom two layers of the OSI model. CAMs describe how networking systems put data on the network media, how low-level errors are dealt with, and how the network polices itself. Polling, contention and token passingare three examples of CAMs.
(2) Acronym for computer-aided manufacturing, a type of computer application that helps automate a factory. For example, the following are types of CAM systems
All these systems are concerned with automatically directing the manufacture and inventory of parts.
(3) Slang term to describe a bootleg copy of a movie that was recorded in the movie theater with a digital video camera. It’s usually poor quality and the sound in a CAM is recorded by the cameras microphone, meaning it will capture theater sounds and laughter and such from the attending movie-goers.
(1) Acronym for campus-area network. An interconnection of local-area networks within a limited geographical space, such as a school campus or a military base. (2) See controller area network.
The CAN-SPAM Act of 2003 (acronym for Controlling the Assault of Non-Solicited Pornography And Marketing Act of 2003) officially came into law on January 1, 2004. The CAN-SPAM Act applies to almost all businesses in the US that use e-mail, and provides recipients of spam with the right to opt-out of these spam messages, and […]
(1) Short for computer assisted personal interviewing, a surveying technique that uses a computer-based questionnaire. As an alternative to paper questionnaires, CAPI allows the interviewer to customize the survey, so that respondents answer questions only about subjects they’re familiar with and receive questions in a random order to avoid biases. CAPI also seeks to improve […]
Short for completely automated public turing test to tell computers and humans apart, a technique used by a computer to tell if it is interacting with a human or another computer. Because computing is becoming pervasive, and computerized tasks and services are commonplace, the need for increased levels of security has led to the development […]
Acronym for Common Address Redundancy Protocol. CARP is a free alternative to the Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol (VRRP) and the Hot Standby Router Protocol (HSRP). Its primary purpose is to allow multiple hosts on the same network segment to share an IP address. CARP works by allowing a group of hosts on the same network […]