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Waardenburg syndrome

A genetic disorder that causes deafness, white forelock (a frontal white blaze of hair), a difference of color between the iris of one eye and the other (heterochromia iridis), white eye lashes, and wide-set inner corners of the eyes. The deafness is typically congenital (present at birth), bilateral, profound sensorineural (nerve) deafness. The severity of […]

Wagner syndrome

a genetic condition caused by a mutation in the gene (CSPG2 on chromosome 5) encoding chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan-2, also known as versican. Versican is a substance present in the vitreous body of the eye. Symptoms and signs include changes in the vitreous body of the eye, retinal detachment, cataracts, and poor visual adaptation to dark. […]

Waardenburg, Petrus Johannes

(1886-1979) Dutch ophthalmologist and medical geneticist who described the condition now known as Waardenburg syndrome. The syndrome is characterized by wide bridge of the nose owing to lateral displacement of the inner canthus of each eye, pigmentary disturbance (frontal white blaze of hair, eyes of different color, white eye lashes, leukoderma), and cochlear deafness. Waardenburg […]

Wymmin

An alternate spelling of wimmin.

Wymin

An alternate spelling of wimmin.

Wt

Abbreviation for weight. For example, ‘Wt 80 lbs’ means ‘weight 80 pounds.’

Wry neck

Medically called spasmodic torticollis, or torticollis. The most common of the focal dystonias. In torticollis, the muscles in the neck that control the position of the head are affected, causing the head to twist and turn to one side. In addition, the head may be pulled forward or backward.

Writer’s cramp

A dystonia that affects the muscles of the hand and sometimes the forearm and that only occurs during handwriting. Similar focal dystonias have been called typist’s cramp, pianist’s cramp, musician’s cramp, and golfer’s cramp.

Writer’s cramp

A dystonia that affects the muscles of the hand and sometimes the forearm and only occurs during handwriting. Similar focal dystonias have also been called typist’s cramp, pianist’s cramp, musician’s cramp, and golfer’s cramp.

Wrist

The part of the hand that is nearest the forearm and consists of the carpal bones and the associated soft tissues. The eight carpal bones are arranged in two rows. One row of carpal bones joins the long bones of the forearm (the radius, and, indirectly, the ulna). Another row of carpal bones meets the […]